Why Shrimp Farming
Compare to other species, shrimp farming have some advantages such as:
Short cultivation period
Shrimp farming requires shorter period of cultivation compared to other types of aquaculture. For vannamei shrimp takes an average of 100 days, while for black tiger shrimp takes about 180 days. Even in the age of the cultivation of 30 to 60 days for vannamei shrimp can already be harvested as for several industries need a supply of this kind of shrimp with a relatively small size.
Market demand for the shrimp farming (sea food) result is steadily growing along with the growth of world’s population and tended to decrease of natural supply from wild fishery.
Environment carrying capacity
Environment carrying capacity for shrimp farming in tropical countries like Indonesia very well at all, given the need for the development of shrimp that requires an average temperature of 28-30 ° C, then the farmers in Indonesia cultivate the shrimp throughout the year compared with sub-tropical climate counties or a country with four climates, where they can only do the cultivation once a year.
Food convertion ratio efeciency
If done according to standards that have been determined associated with shrimp farming, the efficiency of feed utilization (FCR or food convertion ratio) in shrimp farming can reach 1.2: 1, which means it takes 1.2 kg of shrimp to produce 1 kg of shrimp. As an illustration for cow farming FCRnya is 8.7: 1 (it takes 8.7 kg of feed / grass to produce 1 kg of beef).